South Africa has become the 17th signatory to the Jeddah Amendment to the Djibouti Code of Conduct (DCoC), which covers measures for suppressing a range of illicit activities at sea.
The United Nations’ International Maritime Organisation (IMO) said the amendment was ‘deposited’ with IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim at IMO Headquarters in London on 20 April by Nomatemba Tambo, High Commissioner to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Permanent Representative of South Africa.
The Jeddah Amendment was adopted in 2017 to broaden the scope of the DcoC, which was developed and adopted in 2009 by countries in the Western Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden as an important tool to combat piracy and armed robbery against ships in the region.
The Jeddah Amendment covers measures for suppressing a range of illicit activities, including piracy, arms trafficking, trafficking in narcotics, illegal trade in wildlife, illegal oil bunkering, crude oil theft, human trafficking, human smuggling, and illegal dumping of toxic waste.
Among other things, the DcoC/Jeddah Amendment regime has established a functioning network of Information Sharing Centres and a regional training coordination mechanism. Signatory States have embraced the IMO ‘Whole of Government’ approach to maritime security, including the establishment of National Maritime Security Committee Structure (Including Sub-Committees), development of the National Maritime Security Risk Register and producing the National Maritime Security Strategy by all participating States, with support from the IMO.
The 17 signatories to the DcoC/Jeddah Amendment are Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Jordan, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Mauritius, Mozambique, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, Tanzania and Yemen.